The Spel-Lang Tree
Supplementary Materials

 

Sound/Symbol
Cards

Multi-Sensory
Cards
Phoneme-Grapheme
Cards

Wall Charts

Contractions
Word Games
Homophones
Final Silent e Cards
High Frequency Words
ABC Projects
Creative Coloring
Concepts
Reading Fones

 

Sound/Symbol Cards

The sound/symbol cards pictured here are vertical adaptations of those found on page seven of The Spel-Lang Tree: Roots. These 7" x 9" black on white cards each display a proper name and a word, using both the capital and lower case forms of each letter along with a picture to denote the sound represented. The pictures have been carefully chosen for ease in isolating the sounds.

In addition to the twenty-six letters of the alphabet, there are cards representing four digraphs: /ch/, /sh/, /th/, and /wh/.

The Spel-Lang Tree: Seeds manual includes a complete set of these sound/symbol cards.

These cards are also available in a miniature size (4 1/4" x 5 1/2") to use with small groups or for private tutoring.

 

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Wall Charts

Five 22" x 28" wall charts are available to accompany Roots. These are printed in black on pastel backgrounds. These charts include numerals, number concepts, and words from 0-10, 11-19, 10-90, ordinal numbers first through tenth, and the alphabet with letters arranged according to the Alphabet Song using the tune, "Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star."

0-10 (Blue)
11-19 (Pink)
10-90 (Yellow)
Ordinals (Green)
Alphabet (Tan)

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Multi-Sensory Cards

Beginning writers need to learn directionality for letter and numeral formation. Since a child's neurological system develops from head tailward and from the spine outward, many children tend to work from the self outward when forming letters and numerals. We often see them making letters from the bottom up or moving clockwise instead of counter-clockwise when making '0'. Many children also reverse letters and numerals or move from right to left in the early stages of writing. Since directionality is an important aspect for learning to read and write, we need to help children learn to write correct letter forms. The Spel-Lang Tree: Roots uses a style of script that develops neat printing, yet moves directly into cursive writing with a minimum of learning new letter strokes.

Three sets of multi-sensory cards have been developed to assist children with the formation of lower-case letters, capital letters, and numerals. Each letter or numeral on these 5 1/2" x 8 1/2" cards has a green dot where the child should start to write and a red dot where s/he should stop. In the case of two-stroke letters and numerals, the green dots have been numbered in the order in which the strokes should be made. A few capital letters require three strokes and these are also numbered. (The colored dot at the bottom of the card simply tells the child that it is the bottom.)

Lower Case Sample
Upper Case Sample
Numeral Sample

The cards can be placed under a sheet of translucent plastic needlepoint canvas (available where craft supplies are sold) and the child can trace the figures with one or two fingers. This tactile experience helps to lock the letter or numeral form in the child's memory.

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Contractions

There are eight sheets of contractions which can be cut into strips along lines between text rows.The base words are on the front and contraction endings are on the back of the sheets. Fold contraction endings separately for each strip so that the ending overlays the second word. In some cases it will need to overlay the part of the word that is lost in forming the contraction (i.e., will not = won't; on't needs to be folded over so that only the w shows in 'will'). Store in container. The list of contractions is fairly comprehensive so teachers may not want to introduce all of them at one time.

Master List of Contractions

Sheet 1
Sheet 2
Sheet 3

are not = aren't
can not = can't
could have = could've
did not = didn't
does not = doesn't
do not = don't
had not = hadn't

has not = hasn't
have not = haven't
he would = he'd
he will = he'll
he is = he's
here is = here's
I would = I'd

I am = I'm
I had = I'd
I have = I've
I will = I'll
is not = isn't
it will = it'll
it is = it's

Sheet 4
Sheet 5
Sheet 6

let us = let's
might not = mightn't
might have = might've
must not = mustn't
ought not = oughtn't
she would = she'd
she will = she'll

she is = she's
should not = shouldn't
should have = should've
that is = that's
there is = there's
they would = they'd
they will = they'll

they are = they're
they have = they've
was not = wasn't
we would = we'd
we will = we'll
we have = we've
we are = we're

Sheet 7
Sheet 8
 

were not = weren't
what is = what's
who is = who's
will not = won't
would not = wouldn't
would have = would've
you would = you'd

you had = you'd
you will = you'll
you are = you're
you have = you've
he has = he's
she has = she's
shall not = shan't

 

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Word Games

Nine word games each consist of 16 small cards (2 each of 8 words) that can be used as memory or concentration games. Games come with complete instructions and are printed on heavy cardstock. A 3"x3" ziploc bag is included for each game. The 72 words and their categories are listed below.

Wh Words

when
whose
who
where
why
which
what
while

Th Words

this
than
they
them
that
then
there
the

Wa Words

walk
wall
want
was
water
watch
wash
wasp

Prepositions 1

in
for
of
on
all
as
at
by

Prepositions 2

down
out
to
up
with
off
like
after

Prepostions 3

above
over
under
past
about
around
across
along

Prepositions 4

before
behind
beneath
beyond
between
below
beside
during

Prepositions 5

without
upon
outside
until
near
into
inside
onto

Prepositions 6

against
amid
aside
toward
alongside
among
through
within

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Phoneme-Grapheme Cards

These 46 cards list 44 sounds and their various spellings plus 2 cards explaining the two representations of qu (kw, k) and three representations of x (ks, gz, z). The cards are available in two sizes. Cards in the larger set measure 4 1/4" x 11". These are intended to be hung on the classroom wall. Cards in the smaller set (Mini Phoneme-Grapheme Cards) measure approximately 2 1/3" x 5 3/4" and are intended for small group or personal use. Both sets are printed on heavy cardstock. Information on the cards is similar to the examples below.

Long a

apron
name
rain
day
eight
vein
they
great

er

her
first
nurse
works
earn
journey
dollar
doctor

j

jam
gem
fudge
age
region

 

 

sh

shell
sure
machine
ocean
special
conscious
nation
pension

x

Represents
no unique
sound

ks in fox
z in xenon
gz in exit

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Homophones

This pack contains 8 cards with sets of homophones (up to 14 sets per page). These are a representative sample of all that occur in the language. Most are words that children need to know. Some offer a less familiar word with a phonetic spelling for common sight words (dun/done; won/won). Others have been chosen to illustrate how patterns work across words (bruise/brews; cruise/crews). Each page is printed on a different color background. Separate instructions, along with brief word definitions, are provided for each set of cards. Usually only one definition is given. A small 3" x 3" ziploc bag has been included for each set.

Objectives:

1) To increase the child's knowledge of how different graphemes represent the various phonemes.
2) To associate word meanings with spellings.
3) To increase students' vocabularies.
4) To provide meaningful learning activities for individual tutoring or for small groups.
5) To provide meaningful center activities.

Ideas for Small Group Activities:

1) Lay out one set of cards. Have one child pick out a set of homophones, read the words, and attempt to define them. Another student picks the next set, etc.
2) When all words have been matched, have students sort the words according to spelling patterns. Discuss the different spellings for a particular vowel sound.
3) Students may choose to graph the spelling patterns to see which appear to occur most frequently.
4) Students may choose to sort words according to families.
5) Students may choose to copy homophones into a spelling notebook.
6) Use the cards as a concentration or memory game. Turn cards upside down to see if they can remember where to find the homophones.

Ideas for Centers:

1) Place one set of cards in a center. Have students find all the homophones and sort them in pairs or triads.
2) Have children write all the homophones.
3) Have students sort cards by spelling patterns.
4) Graph the spelling patterns. Which spellings appear to be most frequent for each sound.
5) Rearrange spelling patterns into word familieis.
6) Alphabetize the largest word family in each set.
7) Use cards to enrich spelling instruction. Have children test each other.
8) Have children sort entire set of cards in alphabetical order. They may also copy the words in alphabetical order after sorting.

Sample Card:

not
know
jam
jamb
rap
wrap
red
read
rung
wrung
sum
some
dun
done
son
sun
bin
been
bell
belle
cell
sell
rest
wrest
plum
plumb
won
one

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Final Silent e Cards

This activity includes 60 short vowel words and 10 r-controlled vowel words to which a final silent e can be added to form long vowel words. These are printed on heavy card stock, 14 cards per page. There is an e on the back of each card; the cards can be individually folded so that the e follows the original word. The word lists follow:

bad
fad
mad
sham
tam
ban
can
Dan
man
pan
plan
van
cap
tap

at
fat
hat
mat
Nat
pat
rat
sat
bath
bid
hid
rid
slid
dim

grim
slim
din
fin
pin
shin
spin
tin
twin
grip
rip
strip
bit
kit

quit
sit
rob
cod
rod
cop
hop
lop
mop
slop
dot
not
tot
cub
tub
dud
plum
cut
bar
car
far
mar
par
tar
her
fir
sir
cur

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High Frequency Words

A list of 144 high frequency words has been culled from various standard lists of the 100 most frequently used words in the English language. These words have been arranged according to levels of difficulty. Small flash cards are provided and each level is printed in a different color. Included is a black line master sheet for recording each child's mastery of the words for both spelling and reading.

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ABC Projects

ABC Projects consists of 20 blackline masters, each containing two lessons. Photocopied papers can be sliced vertically to provide 40 lessons.

Objectives:
1) To provide experiences in arranging words in alphabetical order.
2) To provide motor experiences in cutting and pasting or taping.

Instructions:

1) Duplicate black line masters, one for each student, and cut in half to provide two lessons from each master.
2) Students will cut apart the three words at the bottom of each sheet and arrange them in alphabetical order in the boxes at the top of the sheet. Example below shows Lessons 1 and 2.

1
Name _______________
2
Name _______________
   
   
   
ant
dad
can
hat
bat
fat

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Creative Coloring Concepts

Overview of Goals and Concepts

Creative Coloring Concepts includes 84 black line masters, arranged for 21 packets, that allow for self-paced instruction within classrooms. These have been designed for use in a contract format. Simply staple each set of four pages together in the upper left hand corner. More precise directions for each packet are offered in the "To the Teacher" page included in each color section. During the first days of school, the entire class may be given the Red packet along with brief instructions. As children complete this packet satisfactorily, they can be regrouped to receive the Blue packet. After a brief introduction of these two packets, children should be able to recognize the pattern of work and packets may be given out individually as students master the previous one. An alternative is to use these as "Center" work, adding a new packet as centers are changed. More ambitious students can conceivably complete these packets in 21 school days. Slower students may need an entire semester to move through this work. All connect-the-dots work should be completed using a pencil and a ruler. In the beginning some children will need assistance in learning how to control the ruler while drawing lines.

Packet goals:

1) To teach color words in a multi-sensory way.
2) To provide handwriting practice in a meaningful context.
3) To enrich children's vocabularies through discussion of objects.
4) To provide opportunities for practice with number sequence through connect-the-dots exercises.
5) To provide eye-hand and fine motor coordination through the use of rulers or straight edges to connect dots.
6) To give students practice in using numerical order.
7) To reinforce recognition of geometric shapes.
8) To encourage neatness in individual work.
9) To provide opportunities for responsible completion of contract assignments.
10) To provide purposeful activities while the teacher is engaged in other group work.

A Student Record for Color Packets has been provided. Its use is not mandatory but, rather, provides a management system for teachers who desire to use it.

Contents:

Red
Write color word (red)
Configuration of "red" (pencil only)
Six items to color (red)
Connect the dots 1-3: Pennant (red)

Blue
Write color word (blue)
Configuration of "blue" (pencil only)
Elf (red, blue)
Connect the dots 1-4: Divided square (red, blue)

Yellow
Write color word (yellow)
Configuration of "yellow" (pencil only)
Geometric shapes (red, blue, yellow)
Connect the dots 1-6: Divided hexagon (red, blue, yellow, mixing colors)

Green 1
Write color word (green)
Geometric shapes (blue, yellow, green)
Cowboy (red, blue, green)
Connect the dots 1-8: Octagon (red, green)

Green 2
Configuration of "green" (pencil only)
Tulip in pot (red, yellow, green)
Bead figure (red, blue, yellow, green)
Connect the dots 1-10: Star inside polygon (blue, yellow, green)

Orange 1
Write color word (orange)
Geometric design (red, blue, yellow, green, orange)
Pumpkin (red, yellow, green, orange)
Connect the dots 1-11: Lightning (blue, orange)

Orange 2
Configuration of "orange" (pencil only)
Geometric design (red, blue, yellow, green, orange)
Ball (red, blue, orange)
Connect the dots 1-12: Boxes (red, blue, yellow, green, orange)

Purple 1
Write color word (purple)
Geometric design (red, blue, yellow, green orange, purple)
Weather vane (red, green, purple)
Connect the dots 1-13: Pyramids (red, blue, yellow, green, orange, purple)

Purple 2
Configuration of "purple" (pencil only)
Balloons (red, blue, yellow, green, orange, purple)
Mountain scene (blue, green, purple)
Connect the dots1-14: Mortarboard (yellow, purple)

Brown 1
Write color word (brown)
Clown (red, blue, yellow, green, orange, brown)
Desert scene (red, blue, yellow, green, orange, brown)
Connect the dots 1-16: Compass rose (yellow, orange, purple, brown)

Brown 2
Configuration of "brown" (pencil only)
Doll (red, blue, yellow, brown)
Mailbox (red, blue, green, brown)
Connect the dots 1-17: Picture frame (red, blue, yellow, green, orange, brown)

Black 1
Write color word (black)
Dog (blue, brown, black)
Owl (red, yellow, orange, purple, brown, black)
Connect the dots 1-18 (red, yellow, green, black)

Black 2
Configuration of "black" (pencil only)
Butterfly (blue, yellow, green, black)
Boy (red, yellow, purple, brown, black)
Connect the dots 1-20: Windmill (blue, green, brown, black)

White 1
Write color word (white)
American flag (red, blue, yellow, brown, white)
Tepee (red, blue, yellow, green, orange, brown, black, white) Connect the dots 1-22: Stationery (yellow, orange)

White 2
Configuration of "white" (pencil only)
Snowman (red, blue, orange, brown, black, white)
Baby bottle (red, blue, yellow, green, orange, white)
Connect the dots 1-24: Lighthouse (blue, yellow, green, brown, black, white)

Tan 1
Write color word (tan)
Birdhouse (blue, green, black, brown, tan)
Girl with dog (red, blue, yellow, brown, black, tan)
Connect the dots 1-25: House and tree (red, blue, yellow, green, white, tan)

Tan 2
Configuration of "tan" (pencil only)
Leaves and acorn (red, yellow, green, orange, brown, tan)
Lemon pie (red, blue, yellow, green, white, tan)
Connect the dots 1-26: Tint (red, brown, black, white, tan)

Pink 1
Write color word (pink)
Jack in the box (red, blue, yellow, green, orange, purple, pink)
Piggy bank (yellow, green, pink)
Connect the dots 1-27: Drum (yellow, black, tan, pink)

Pink 2
Configuration of "pink" (pencil only)
Alien (red, yellow, purple, black, tan, pink)
Paint pail (blue, yellow, black, white, tan, pink)
Connect the dots 1-28: Computer (pink, tan)

Gray 1
Write color word (gray)
Tin man (red, blue, tan, pink, gray)
Sailboat (red, blue, yellow, orange, purple, brown, gray)
Connect the dots 1-32: Recycle emblem (green, gray)

Gray 2
Configuration of "gray" (pencil only)
Sundae (red, brown, white, gray)
Ostrich (blue, green, brown, white, tan, gray)
Connect the dots 1-39: Handicap sign (white, gray)

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Reading Fones

Many teachers provide reading fones to assist children in listening to themselves read. These colorful fones are constructed from 3/4 inch PVC pipe and elbows and are wrapped with duct tape. The fones measure five inches in length and are available in four colors: red, blue, yellow, and green..

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The Spel-Lang Tree, Dept. WP
Johnsburg Educational Partnership Foundation (JEPF)
2222 W. Church Street
Johnsburg IL 60050 USA
Fax: (815) 385-4715